Unfortunately, at the moment, we are repeating the mistakes of the previous State Anti-Corruption Program by focusing on the process (drafting laws and regulations, training materials and guidelines, holding training and information campaigns, preparing reports, staffing the newly created anti-corruption bodies) rather than on results.
On January 31, 2015 during the expert discussion “HOW CAN WE HELP UKRAINE IMPLEMENTING CONSISTENT ANTI-CORRUPTION REFORM?” OSF Director Ivan Sikora spoke of the necessity to omit the repetition of the predecessors’ mistakes and the steps Open Society Foundation proposed as a coordinator of anti-corruption program development within ‘Reanimation Package for Reforms’ initiative.
OSF suggestions to the new State Anti-Corruption Program:
Generalized "Common approaches to the development of performance indicators and objectives of the State Program on the Implementation of State Anti-Corruption policy in Ukraine (Anti-Corruption Strategy) for 2015 – 2017”.
Open Society Foundation proposals in brief:
The indicators of the anti-corruption program must comply with the Law of Ukraine as of 18.03.2004 № 1621-IV "On State Target Programs" and the procedure for their development and implementation. Unfortunately, the indicators proposed in the draft program do not comply with the current legislation.
The indicators should include quantitative and qualitative estimates, be clear, measurable and understandable, demonstrating the benefits (social, economic and political) to the citizens from the anti-corruption program. It is important to take into account the declared strategic indicators of the Strategy for Sustainable Development "Ukraine - 2020", which was approved by the President of Ukraine.
The fight against corruption should lead to:
- Inevitability of punishment and prosecution of corrupt officials,
- Increased confidence in the government and civic participation in public affairs,
- Improved service quality and increased satisfaction of beneficiaries of public services,
- Decreased share of the illegal economy, reducing illegal employment,
- GDP growth,
- Increased budgetary savings,
- Increased share of competitive and transparent procedures,
- Improved Ukraine's position in the global rankings.
This is not a complete list of performance indicators of success of the fight against corruption. Without clear performance indicators the mistakes of the predecessors and frustration of the society can hardly be avoided.
As an example, OSF developed a list of indicators for the task "Preventing corruption in the legislative branch" and the objective "Creation of an effective mechanism to prevent, detect and solve the conflict of interests in MP and local councils' activity”. These were presented by Ivan Sikora.
Ivan Sikora has many years of experience and his own approach to anti-corruption legislation, monitoring and impact assessment of the previous state anti-corruption program and the programs adopted in the regions and cities of Ukraine (including the examples of Kyiv, Chernihiv and Chernihiv region), proposals for the development of anti-corruption programs for Kyiv and Kyiv region.
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